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Vision 2030 - Flagship Projects

Kenya Vision 2030 is the country’s new development blueprint covering the period 2008 to 2030. It aims to transform Kenya into a newly industrialising, “middle-income country providing a high quality life to all its citizens by the year 2030”. The Vision has been developed through an all-inclusive and participatory stakeholder consultative process, involving Kenyans from all parts of the country. It has also benefited from suggestions by some of the leading local and international experts on how the newly industrialising countries around the world have made the leap from poverty to widely-shared prosperity and equity.

The Vision is based on three “pillars”: the economic, the social and the political. The adoption of the Vision by Kenya comes after the successful implementation of the Economic Recovery  trategy for Wealth and Employment Creation (ERS) which has seen the country’s economy
back on the path to rapid growth since 2002, when GDP grew from a low of 0.6% and rising gradually to 6.1% in 2006. The relationships between the pillars can be seen in Table 1, which was recommended to the Government by Kenya’s National Economic Council in January, 2006, and subsequently adopted by the Cabinet.

The economic pillar aims to improve the prosperity of all Kenyans through an economic  development programme, covering all the regions of Kenya, and aiming to achieve an average Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth rate of 10% per annum beginning in 2012. The social pillar seeks to build a just and cohesive society with social equity in a clean and secure environment. The political pillar aims to realise a democratic political system founded on issue-based politics that respects the rule of law, and protects the rights and freedoms of every individual in Kenyan society.

The Kenya Vision 2030 is to be implemented in successive five-year Medium-Term Plans, with the first such plan covering the period 2008 – 2012. For that reason, the reader will find frequent references to projects and programmes scheduled for implementation between 2008 and 2012. While the “flagship” projects are expected to take the lead in generating rapid and widely-shared growth, they are by no means the only projects the country will be implementing.

A flagship project only sets the pace for multiple vessels behind it. By the same token there are many on-going projects and yet others planned for the future by the Government and the private sector. All of these deserve attention and support. The full details will be found in the Kenya Medium-Term Plan for 2008-2012. At an appropriate stage, another five-year plan will be produced covering the period 2012 to 2017, and so on till 2030. As the country makes progress to middle-income status through these development plans, it is expected to have met its Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) whose deadline is 2015.

The MDGs are eight internationally-agreed goals for socio-economic development that emphasise the following: elimination of extreme poverty and hunger; universal primary education; gender equality; reduction in child mortality; improvement in maternal health; lower HIV/AIDS and major disease incidence; environmental sustainability; and better partnerships with international development partners. Some of the goals have already been met. The Vision 2030 spells out action that will be taken to achieve the rest.

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